Encrypted Guix GNU+Linux


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Objective

To provide step-by-step guide for setting up guix system (stand-alone guix) with full disk encryption (including /boot) on devices powered by osboot.

Scope

Any users, for their generalised use cases, need not stumble away from this guide to accomplish the setup.

Advanced users, for deviant use cases, will have to explore outside this guide for customisation; although this guide provides information that is of paramount use.

Process

Preparation

In your current GNU+Linux System, open terminal as root user.

Insert USB drive and get the USB device name /dev/sdX, where “X” is the variable to make a note of.

lsblk

Unmount the USB drive just in case if it’s auto-mounted.

umount /dev/sdX

Download the latest (a.b.c) Guix System ISO Installer Package (sss) and it’s GPG Signature; where “a.b.c” is the variable for version number and “sss” is the variable for system architecture.

wget https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/guix/guix-system-install-a.b.c.sss-linux.iso.xz

wget https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/guix/guix-system-install-a.b.c.sss-linux.iso.xz.sig

Import required public key.

gpg --keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys 3CE464558A84FDC69DB40CFB090B11993D9AEBB5

Verify the GPG Signature of the downloaded package.

gpg --verify guix-system-install-a.b.c.sss-linux.iso.xz.sig

Extract the ISO Image from the downloaded package.

xz --decompress guix-system-install-a.b.c.sss-linux.iso.xz

Write the extracted ISO Image to the USB drive.

dd if=guix-system-install-a.b.c.sss-linux.iso of=/dev/sdX; sync

Reboot the device.

reboot

Pre-Installation

On reboot, as soon as you see the GNU GRUB menu, press arrow keys to change the menu entry.

Choose “Search for GRUB2 configuration on external media [s]” and wait for the Guix System from USB drive to load.

Set your keyboard layout lo, where “lo” is the two-letter keyboard layout code (example: us or uk).

loadkeys lo

Unblock network interfaces (if any).

rfkill unblock all

Get the names of your network interfaces.

ifconfig -a

Bring your required network interface nwif (wired or wireless) up, where “nwif” is the variable for interface name. For wired connections, this should be enough.

ifconfig nwif up

For wireless connection, create a configuration file using text editor, where “fname” is the variable for any desired filename.

nano fname.conf

Choose, type and save ONE of the following snippets, where ‘nm’ is the name of the network you want to connect, ‘pw’ is the corresponding network’s password or passphrase and ‘un’ is user identity.

For most private networks:

network={
  ssid="nm"
  key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
  psk="pw"
}

(or)

For most public networks:

network={
  ssid="nm"
  key_mgmt=NONE
}

(or)

For most organisational networks:

network={
  ssid="nm"
  scan_ssid=1
  key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
  identity="un"
  password="pw"
  eap=PEAP
  phase1="peaplabel=0"
  phase2="auth=MSCHAPV2"
}

Connect to the configured network, where “fname” is the filename and “nwif” is the network interface name.

wpa_supplicant -c fname.conf -i nwif -B

Assign an IP address to your network interface, where “nwif” is the network interface name.

dhclient -v nwif

If your Guix installation image doesn’t have support for LVM, do the following.

guix pull --branch=master && guix install lvm2

Obtain the device name /dev/sdX in which you would like to deploy and install Guix System, where “X” is the variable to make a note of.

lsblk

Wipe the respective device. Wait for the command operation to finish.

shred --random-source=/dev/urandom /dev/sdX

Load device-mapper module in the current kernel.

modprobe dm_mod

Partition the respective device. Just do, GPT –> New –> Write –> Quit; defaults will be set.

cfdisk /dev/sdX

Encrypt the respective partition.

cryptsetup --verbose --hash whirlpool --cipher serpent-xts-plain64 --verify-passphrase --use-random --key-size 512 --iter-time 500 luksFormat /dev/sdX1

Obtain and note down the “LUKS UUID”.

cryptsetup luksUUID /dev/sdX1

Open the respective encrypted partition and map it as ‘fde’.

cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sdX1 fde

Create a physical volume in the partition.

pvcreate /dev/mapper/fde

Create a volume group in the physical volume, named ‘matrix’.

vgcreate matrix /dev/mapper/fde

Create a logical volume of 2GiB for swap, named ‘swapvol’.

lvcreate --size 2G matrix --name swapvol

Create a logical volume of rest of free-space for root, named ‘rootvol’.

lvcreate --extents 100%FREE matrix --name rootvol

Create swap space in the logical volume ‘swapvol’, labeled ‘swap’.

mkswap --label swap /dev/matrix/swapvol

Create filesystem in the logical volume ‘rootvol’, labeled ‘root’.

mkfs.btrfs --metadata dup --label root /dev/matrix/rootvol

Mount the root filesystem under the current system.

mount --label root --target /mnt --types btrfs

Installation

Make the installation packages to be written on the respective mounted filesystem.

herd start cow-store /mnt

Create the required directory.

mkdir /mnt/etc

Create, edit and save the configuration file by typing the following code snippet. WATCH-OUT for variables in the code snippet and replace them with your relevant values.

nano /mnt/etc/config.scm

Snippet:

(use-modules
 (gnu)
 (gnu system nss))
(use-package-modules
 certs
 gnome
 linux)
(use-service-modules
 desktop
 xorg)
(operating-system
  (kernel linux-libre-lts)
  (bootloader
   (bootloader-configuration
    (bootloader
     (bootloader
      (inherit grub-bootloader)
      (installer #~(const #t))))
    (keyboard-layout keyboard-layout)))
  (keyboard-layout
   (keyboard-layout
    "xy"
    "altgr-intl"))
  (host-name "hostname")
  (mapped-devices
   (list
    (mapped-device
     (source
      (uuid "luks-uuid"))
     (target "fde")
     (type luks-device-mapping))
    (mapped-device
     (source "matrix")
     (targets
      (list
       "matrix-rootvol"
       "matrix-swapvol"))
     (type lvm-device-mapping))))
  (file-systems
   (append
    (list
     (file-system
       (type "btrfs")
       (mount-point "/")
       (device (file-system-label "root"))
       (flags '(no-atime))
       (options "space_cache=v2")
       (needed-for-boot? #t)
       (dependencies mapped-devices)))
    %base-file-systems))
  (swap-devices
   (list
    (file-system-label "swap")))
  (users
   (append
    (list
     (user-account
      (name "username")
      (comment "Full Name")
      (group "users")
      (supplementary-groups '("audio" "cdrom" "kvm" "lp" "netdev" "tape" "video" "wheel"))))
    %base-user-accounts))
  (packages
   (append
    (list
     nss-certs)
    %base-packages))
  (timezone "Zone/SubZone")
  (locale "ab_XY.1234")
  (name-service-switch %mdns-host-lookup-nss)
  (services
   (append
    (list
     (service gnome-desktop-service-type))
    %desktop-services)))

Initialise new Guix System.

guix system init /mnt/etc/config.scm /mnt

Reboot the device.

reboot

Post-Installation

On reboot, as soon as you see the GNU GRUB menu, choose the option ‘Load Operating System [o]’

Enter LUKS Key, for osboot’s grub, as prompted.

You may have to go through warning prompts by repeatedly pressing the “enter/return” key.

You will now see guix’s grub menu from which you can go with the default option.

Enter LUKS Key again, for kernel, as prompted.

Upon login screen, login as “root” with password field empty.

Open terminal from the GNOME Dash.

Set passkey for “root” user. Follow the prompts.

passwd root

Set passkey for “username” user. Follow the prompts.

passwd username

Update the guix distribution. Wait for the process to finish.

guix pull

Update the guix system. Wait for the process to finish.

guix system reconfigure /etc/config.scm

Reboot the device.

reboot

Conclusion

Everything should be stream-lined from now. You can follow your regular boot steps without requiring manual intervention. You can start logging in as regular user with the respective “username”.

You will have to periodically (at your convenient time) login as root and do the update/upgrade part of post-installation section, to keep your guix distribution and guix system updated.

That is it! You have now setup guix system with full-disk encryption on your device powered by osboot. Enjoy!

References

[1] Guix Manual (http://guix.gnu.org/manual/en/).

Acknowledgements

[1] Thanks to Guix Developer, Clement Lassieur (clement@lassieur.org), for helping me with the Guile Scheme Code for the Bootloader Configuration.

This guide was originally written for the Libreboot project, and later adapted for the osboot project. This fact is clearly stated, out of respect to the Guix project; it is a GNU project, and therefore probably does not agree with the policies of the osboot project. Rather, they most likely agree with the Libreboot policies instead. This paragraph is written simply to provide such clarification, so that people do not think the GNU project (or FSF) endorse or condone osboot in any way; they do not.

The osboot project respects GNU, and it is itself a project that aims to bring as much free software as possible to everyone, on as much hardware as possible. Without the GNU project, it is unlikely that we would have much Free Software today; there were others that started around the same time, but GNU was the project that provided the most momentum in the very early days of the movement. Today, GNU is still a driving force in the Free Software movement.

Respect the GNU project. Cherish it.

The osboot policies are written here: binary blob reduction policy

The libreboot policies are here: binary blob deletion policy

Markdown file for this page: https://osboot.org/docs/gnulinux/guix.md

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